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How do I build a Japanese rock garden?

I am referring to the ones where people use the rakes to create ripple designs that encircle larger rocks, and create ripple designs at the edges of the garden. I need to know the following things: How does one go about building such a garden? Are special permits from the local government required to create one? What materials are needed to build such a garden? If it takes up an entire backyard, how much would the cost be estimated at?


  1. Special permits? No - as long as it's not polluting, damaging or hurting others and it isn't a hazard. (ie: fire, flood) materials? Depends on how much you want to spend. You will need: ---A rake (with 5 -10 little sticks pointing out) preferably wooden kinda like these http://www.dimensionsguide.com/wp-content/uploads/2010/01/Rake.jpg only preferably with "blunt" flat ends instead of spiky. ---some pebbly sand - they shouldn't be beach-sand, they should be small little rocks that are between a marble and a grain of sand. These are ideal for raking - get some which are LIGHT coloured, preferably very light beige. ---Some Large dark rocks - you can buy "japanese" or "oriental" rocks online - fake or real. OR you could just go hunting in the countryside or park for a large rock. Choose one WITHOUT visible moss, something you could clean and still look nice. The best rocks are dark and grey/black/blue.You can usually find some nice ones near a harbour like http://www.davidhanauer.com/buckscounty/ringingrocks/photos/ringing_rocks_2006_04.jpg Just make sure you have a car and a friend to grab one quick! haha Also pick a nice shape - it's best if the bottom is flat to lie on the sand. With the above you can make this http://lokatas.com/wordpress/wp-content/uploads/2009/12/rockgarden.jpg this is nicer cause it has some green http://www.no-crank.com/upload/infocenter/info_images/12022008132811@zen01.jpg Pick EVERGREEN plants which will always stay green and avoid plants which are bare in the winter.
  2. there is not much done about building a Japanese Garden. You an easily do that by yourself or even can hire the professionals to make a beautiful garden. An expert of furniture can easily do that. you can find them online without any hassles. No permit from government is required .. You just need few rocks and garden furniture to build such garden for your home. You can take help from the website link given below..
  3. To design a Japanese backyard garden, you will need to know that there are three basic methods for scenery. The first of which is called reduced scale. Reduced scale is the art of taking an actual scene from nature, mountains, rivers, trees, and the like and reproducing it on a smaller scale. Symbolization involves generalization and abstraction. An example of this would be using white sand to suggest the ocean. Borrowed views refers to artists that would use something like an ocean or forest as a background, but it would end up becoming an important element of the scenery. There are essentially two art forms to design Japanese garden: tsukiyami, which is a hill garden and mainly composed of hills and ponds. The other is hiraniwa, which is basically the exact opposite of tsukiyami: a flat garden without any hills or ponds. The basic elements used in Japanese garden landscaping include rocks, gravel, water, moss, stones, fences, and hedges. Rocks are most often used as centerpieces and bring a presence of spirituality to the garden. According to the Shinto tradition, rocks embody the spirits of nature. Gravel is used as a sort of defining surface and is used to imitate the flow of water when arranged properly. Stones are used to create a boundary and are sculpted into the form of lanterns. Water, whether it be in the form of a pond, stream, or waterfall, is an essential part of a Japanese garden design. It can be in the actual form of water or portrayed by gravel, but no matter what form of water it's in, it is crucial to a Japanese gardens balance. There are several signature forms and types of Japanese garden plants, the main one being Bonsai. Bonsai is the art of training everyday, average plants, such as Pine, Cypress, Holly, Cedar, Cherry, Maple, and Beech, to look like large, old trees just in miniature form. These trees range from five centimeters to one meter and are kept small by pruning, re-potting, pinching new growth, and wiring the branches. To learn more- go the the site indicated below.